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The Culture of Emilia-Romagna

Natural heritage

Corno alle Scale Park, BolognaNature and culture. In parks and gardens the very stones breathe the air and an invisible thread runs between the world around us and our interpretation of nature. That’s why the museum becomes a journey along the paths of the Appennines, along the shoreline on the longest beach in Europe, boating down the Po through the telescoping trees which lead to ancient villas. Rocks from the Tertiary period stand out along the ridge of Mount Cimone. They are the oldest rocks in a geologically "young" (no more than 50-70 million years old) and "unstable" region, ranging from the Apennines to the River Po. With a sea view. Po delta park, VolanoThe natural landscapes on display to the visitor show the peaks of Mount Cusna, Mount Cimone and Mount Corno alle Scale, which rise to a coy 2,000 metres and then tail off to form a well-behaved band of hills.

A landscape formed of stratified reliefs and sedimentary rock stained by layers of gypsum where calanchi, friable clay landslips, gouge furrows in the upper flanks of the valleys. And we descend once more to the flatlands of the plain, divided up into squares by the ancient Romans. It’s the alluvial plain of the Po valley, which opens onto the sea, borne along by the great river itself.

Monte Sole historical park BolognaThe Delta widens out and fresh water meets sea-air where the marsh was reclaimed and the natural vegetation was replaced by vineyards and orchards, except for the woods of Mesola, full of fat-columned oaks, and for a pine-forest near Ravenna where ever since ancient times man has preferred the Mediterranean pine to the white poplar and the ash.

 

The great outdoors in Emilia-Romagna

Thirteen regional parks, fourteen regional nature reserves, plus two national parks, several state nature reserves and over 1400 historicPark of the river Stirone: the canyon at San Nicomede, Parma parks and gardens, make up the green areas of Emilia-Romagna, equal to 7 per cent of the entire territory. From the regional park "Boschi di Carrega", a game-reserve for Parmesan noblemen under as early as the Farnese dynasty, to the forests of Casentino, whose history is bound up with the monks of Camaldoli. There is the protected area of the Po Delta, between Ferrara and Ravenna, through whose rarefied mists emerge like distant recollections the Pomposa abbey, among the most precious examples of Romanesque art, the Etruscan Necropolis in Spina, the mosaics at Sant´ Apollinare in Classe and the Este castle in Mesola.

Parco dei Gessi, BolognaThe itinerary, rich in unique, stunning scenery, changes rapidly from snowy peaks to lowland marshes. Forests of beeches, chestnut-trees, conifers and rare flowers cover the Western area of the Bolognese Apennines. Meanwhile the peak of Mount Cimone dominates the "Corno alle Scale" park and the neighbouring Upper Modenese Apennines Park, sharing a border with Tuscany.Koinè, Be Parks, theatre-nature performance, Parma Boschi di Carrega Park

The national park of the Tosco-Emilian Apennines extends along the north Apennine ridge of Reggio; while gypsum outcrops in the hills of Romagna characterize the parco della Vena del Gesso Romagnola (chalk seam park). In the province of Bologna in the gypsum park and in the “Calanchi dell’Abbadessa” badlands, visitors can explore underground thanks to the karstic phenomenon which has produced a network of over 200 caves, one of the most extensive gypsum cave systems in Europe.

In Castelnovo Monti the square outline of the Bismantova Stone is easily discerned; it rivals the sandstone pinnacles of the Roccamalatina Stones and the Groppi Rossi in the Berceto park, where the ancient village of Corchia stands out. If a walk Badland formations in Parco dei Gessi and Calanchi dell'Abbadessa parks, Bolognathrough history and nature is your thing, why not climb Mount Sole, whichGarzetta, Po delta Park, Ferrara sadly gained notoriety for the massacre by Nazi-Fascists of local partisans in 1944. Alternatively, visit the Monteveglio Abbey and its intact Medieval village. Other protected areas include the river Taro, which attracts an incredible variety of birdlife, and the Stirone, which flows between walls rich in fossils and is dominated by the castles of Vigoleno and Scipione.

The Onferno natural reserve stands out for its seven different species of bat; the reserve of Salse di Nirano for its curious, little volcanos produced by salty mud emissions; and the reserve of Fontanili di Corte Valle Re, where some important plain springs are protected.

Azioni sul documento
Pubblicato il 28/10/2011 — ultima modifica 10/04/2012
Strumenti personali

Regione Emilia-Romagna (CF 800.625.903.79) - Viale Aldo Moro 52, 40127 Bologna - Centralino: 051.5271

Ufficio Relazioni con il Pubblico: Numero Verde URP: 800 66.22.00, urp@regione.emilia-romagna.it, urp@postacert.regione.emilia-romagna.it